BCC Cryogenics Course 2021 - online

Announcements | March 17th, 2021

The British Cryogenics Council organizes a course on cryogenics engineering. The course will be held online starting on April 12th 2021. lt will last four half-days and provide an introduction to the main topics of cryogenics engineering. Have a look at the flyer and to the official website for more information. 

Registration is already open and will close on April 5th.

Retirement of the CSA managers

Announcements | January 27th, 2021

On January 19th we received a farewell message (see below) of Werner and Laurie Huget announcing their retirement as managers of the Cryogenic Society of America after 42 years (!) of service to that Society. That is a loss! Not only has their work been of extreme value to the cryogenics community in the USA, but also to all working in cryogenics worldwide. They were always trying to connect to societies, associations or institutes that were active in cryogenics. Laurie’s dedication to the promotion of cryogenics has been inspirational for us as well.
Only four days after the foundation of the CSE on April 22nd in 2015, we received a congratulation message of Laurie offering us to publish our efforts in the CSA journal Cold Facts and suggesting cooperation between the two societies. It shows the active and efficient way of working of Laurie: immediate action and open for cooperation and initiatives. Since then indeed many events organized by the CSE where promoted in Cold Facts.
On behalf of the Cryogenics Society of Europe, we thank Laurie and Werner for their decades of work for the whole cryogenics community. We wish both many pleasant and healthy years to come, in which they can enjoy their well-deserved retirement.

Marcel ter Brake, Chairman CSE
Andrea Raccanelli, Secretary CSE


Farewell message by Werner and Laurie Huget

January 19, 2021

Dear CSA colleagues:

We want to thank each of you who has been a part of our business and personal lives over the more than 42 years we’ve been involved with the Cryogenic Society of America.
We founded Huget Advertising together in 1976 and shortly thereafter, through our client Liquid Carbonic, we became involved with the Society. Soon we were asked to take on more tasks and when the Society was moved to Illinois, we took on the job of Records Secretary—first Werner and then Laurie. In 1985 things changed when Laurie was made Executive Director. We put our efforts into developing membership, corporate and individual, as well as building the fledgling Cold Facts—at first a four-page newsletter and eventually an internationally acclaimed four-color magazine.
Through all the changes and growth of CSA, we have been blessed with wonderful employees, especially the talented editors who succeeded Laurie in the full-time job of creating the CSA’s editorial products. Werner continually pushed us all to improve our member services and our outreach. He was instrumental in moving the magazine from four times per year to six, with the Buyer’s Guide serving a real need in the cryogenic and superconductivity markets. Then came the NewsFlashes and the CryoChronicle enewsletter.
CSA has been blessed with great board members and leaders who have fostered its development into an international force. This is a shout-out to all the board members, officers and the experts who have taught short courses and webinars for the Society that drew enthusiastic global participation. The Space Cryogenics Workshops were made possible through the dedication and hard work of the co-chairs. The collegiality of the participants in the workshops has always made organizing these events special.
Corporate Sustaining Members are the lifeblood of CSA. Your involvement, steadfast commitment and financial support of programs and activities make it possible for CSA to continue building a more vibrant and connected global cryogenic community.
Over the years we have developed personal relationships with many talented people through international conferences and workshops. It has been a privilege to know so many brilliant engineers, scientists, academicians and entrepreneurs who have made significant contributions to the world of cryogenics. It has been especially delightful and rewarding to have made so many of you our friends.
Helping businesses, government, private laboratories and academic institutions get the word out about their accomplishments has been its own reward.                    
On February 1, 2021, we are retiring as managers of CSA, but we will remain vitally interested in you and your accomplishments and pursuits. Please keep in contact with us. We will be available at Huget Advertising, and

Cryo is Cool!

Werner and Laurie Huget

Paul Mc Donald (1947-2020)

Announcements | December 21st, 2020

I am sad to report that Paul Mc Donald died of cancer, aged 73, on Saturday 1 st August 2020, at his home in Ramsey, Hants.
As Director of the Cryogenic Industrial Advisory Unit, Institute of Cryogenics, University of Southampton, he was an incredibly popular teacher of post-graduates, and simultaneously a wide ranging research engineer of cryogenics, able to provide reliable answers to many low temperature problems.
During his 50 years working period, 1970 to 2020, Paul made many major contributions to Cryogenics and Cryogenic Engineering.
These contributions have revolutionised cryogenics from 10 cm diameter laboratory cryostats of 1970 to the monster 30 to 50 metre diameter storage tanks and the shipping of bulk cryogenic liquids in 2020 for industry, medicine and Space.
Following his Masters' degree in Cryogenics from the University of Lancaster, Paul joined Oxford Instruments in 1970, designing and installing low temperature cryogenic equipment around the world. By 1980, he was in the team that designed and built the first 500 MHz NMR superconducting magnet system. This provided an immediate contribution towards the first prototype MRI system, cooled by liquid helium, and requiring a refill of liquid every 100 days. For this invention and its medical importance, Oxford Instruments gained a Queen's Award for Technological Achievement, which Paul and two colleagues received from the Queen at a Palace reception. At the same time, Paul was working on the development of the first Continuous Flow Cryostat, which relied on his invention of a sintered copper heat exchanger and consequently avoided the100 day refill problem experienced in a hospital environment.
Cryocoolers with 'dry' helium cooling were not available until much later.
In 1979, the University of Southampton decided to set up the Institute of Cryogenics as a separate teaching and research department. Almost immediately, the Institute was overwhelmed by the industrial problems being met and required many research projects to be set up. At the same time a variety of teaching and training courses were being requested.
In 1982, Paul was recruited from Oxford Instruments and appointed Research Director of the Cryogenic Industrial Advisory Unit within the Institute.
The first success of Paul soon after his arrival was the recognition of the reliable and rugged performance of calibrated silicon diode thermometers, over the whole range of cryogenic temperatures from ambient at 273K to liquid helium at 1 K. A local Southampton firm was then persuaded to build silicon diode thermometers in a capsule for general use in cryogenics. The associated simple and reliable temperature measurements led to the sale of many such thermometers around the world, including NASA space rockets up to the present day. Their accuracy also led to a great deal of cryogenic fluid dynamics findings on low temperature fluids and their extraordinary high heat transfer properties down to 1 K.
Paul's success with accurate thermometers led to the 1990 development of cold electronics for data collection and digital functions for all sorts of instruments operating directly at working temperatures down to liquid helium.
Progress with cold electronics required testing the operation of all manufactured electronic systems when dunked in liquid nitrogen and liquid helium baths. Only 5% were found to keep working and these were selected to enable the development of cold electronics to move forward. The findings were published in 1992 during a conference in Houston, Texas, USA, when the main application was for instruments on the very large model aircraft in the very large cryogenic wind tunnels at Southampton University Aeronautics Department, NASA Langley, Virginia, USA, and Cologne, Germany.
These findings on cold electronics are now providing the grounds work for Quantum Computing at liquid helium temperatures in 2021.
Successful development of cryogenic concrete and frost-proof concrete as building materials was a straightforward finding, with collaboration from other departments at Southampton University.
Conventional concrete contains a surplus of free water after the concrete paste has hardened to a high strength structural solid. Subsequent removal of this surplus water by vacuum pumping, enables the structural solid to avoid crumbling, below the ice point at 273 K: the frost proof concrete is now also much stronger.
Following his many contributions to cryogenic technology, Paul's multiple areas of research have included the study of different foam materials at temperature ranges from 273 K down to Liquid Nitrogen at 77 and LNG at 120K.
Computer controlled production of thermal conductivity and insulation data enabled rapid testing of many possible insulation materials, in particular to reduce the expensive boil-off of LNG gas from stationary storage and shipping tanks.
Paul's unique up-to-date data on foams will also be valuable in the global distribution of Coronavirus 19 vaccines when/if they require freezing down to 193 K in thousands of low loss containers.
Paul's low conductivity insulations data will also be used for the next generation of space rockets using LNG as rocket fuel, in place of liquid hydrogen, enabling much larger rocket loads flying into space, to the Moon and Mars and beyond, as soon as 2030.
In conclusion, this obituary shows just some of the contributions Paul has made to cryogenic technology over 50 years of research engineering, all of which are being used today, and will be carried into world-wide future applications.
He will be greatly missed by all research and teaching staff together with the hundreds of former students of the Institute of Cryogenics, and will be remembered in countless ways by cryogenic engineers around the world.
His contribution to the revolution in cryogenics will never be forgotten.

Ralph Scurlock
Emeritus Professor of Cryogenic Engineering,
University of Southampton

CSE General Meeting 2020

Announcements | November 26th, 2020

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic this year's European Cryogenics Day and the General Meeting (GM) of the CSE could unfortunately not take place as originally planned.
The GM 2020 will now be organized as online event on zoom and is scheduled for December 3rd, 2020 starting at 8:45 am CET.

This event opens with a virtual get-together allowing us to setup the meeting and arrange for the voting process in the General Meeting. The GM will start at 9:00 or shortly after, as soon as all participants have been registered. After the General Meeting of the CSE, we will have a program with three presentations.  
Please use the following link for registration:
Also presenters that have submitted abstracts are requested to register for the meeting via the link.

The tentative schedule is as follows:
08:45 opening Zoom session, virtual get-together and registration (agenda)
09:00 General Meeting of the Cryogenics Society of Europe  
10:20 (Virtual) Coffee break
10:30 Pascale Dauguet, Air Liquide: “Review of Air Liquide last 2K Cryoplant projects and last turbomachine developments” (abstract)
10:45 Sun Nora-bo, Pride Cryogenics: “Introduction to Pride Cryogenics: company and main products” (abstract)
11:55 Bellisimo Yu, Vacree Technologies: “Introduction to Vacree Technologies” (abstract)
11:05 Final remarks
11:30 Closing  
Please note that only CSE members have right of voting at the GM but attendance is open to non-members as well. Feel free to forward this communication to any interested party.
We look forward to welcoming you at the GM2020!
The CSE Board


Agenda of the CSE General Meeting

1.     Welcome
2.     Agenda of this GM
3.     Minutes 5th GM in Lund (7 October 2019)
4.     Annual report
5.     Finances:

  • Accounts for 2019 plus audit report;
  • Accounts 2020;
  • Budget 2020

6.     CSE support program
7.     Update on Cryocooler Survey
8.     Audit committee
9.     CSE events in 2021
10.   Next CSE-GM
11.   AOB


Abstracts of the presentations


Review of Air Liquide last 2K Cryoplant projects and last turbomachine developments
Authors: J.-M. Bernhardt, C. Gondrand, Y. Fabre, P. Dauguet
Refrigeration power at 1.8K or 2K is needed for most of the large particle accelerators, in order
to get optimised operating conditions of superconducting RF cavities. Air Liquide has
developed (since the 80's) Cryogenic Centrifugal Compressors in order to decrease the
pressure on helium baths down to liquid/gas equilibrium pressure in the range 10-30 mbar abs.
for 1.8K-2K helium bath temperatures. These compressors have demonstrated their reliability
and efficiency, with references successfully operated for more than 10 to 30 years at CEA Tore
Supra (now WEST), JLAB CEBAF and CERN LHC. The projects needing 1.8K - 2 K
refrigeration have multiplied in the last 10 years thanks to huge investments of US, Chinese
and Korean governments in the field of accelerators, giving us opportunities to design,
manufacture, install and start-up new 2K Cryoplants and apply our last turbomachine
developments to these projects. The presentation will be a short review of some of the last Air
Liquide 2K Cryoplant projects and turbomachine developments.


Introduction to Pride Cryogenics
Author: Sun Nora-bo
This presentation introduces the company Pride Cryogenics, Nanjing, China. The company
and its products will be discussed.
CSIC Pride (Nanjing) Cryogenic Technology Co., Ltd. (Pride Cryogenics) is a technology
oriented company concentrated on the development and manufacturing of cryocoolers and
cryogenic engineering application devices. Pride Cryogenics’ products include 4 K GM
cryocoolers, 10 K GM cryocoolers, 77 K GM cryocoolers, cryostats, helium reliquefier, gas
recovery, purification and liquefaction systems and other customized cryogenic systems.
1. Constantly focus on technology innovation.
2. Reliable capability and senior product performance.
3. Widely used in various application (superconducting magnet/ cryogenic physics/ magnet
1. Professional design and convenient implementation.
2. Worldwide representatives will assure on time shipping and fast reply.
3. Meet variety demands and requirements.



Introduction to Vacree Technologies
Author: Bellisimo Yu
This presentation introduces the company Vacree technologies, Hefei, China, its expertise,
products, applications and recent developments.
Expertise: design, engineering, manufacture, test, delivery and installation.
Vacree technologies produces cryostats, cryogenic helium purifiers, valve boxes, and multichannel
cryogenic transfer lines. All these products can be customized to meet various
requirements. The applicable standards can include ASME, EN, DIN, ISO. etc.
Typical applications can be found in research infrastructures or laboratories working on
superconducting particle accelerators and superconducting magnets, high-temperature
superconducting cables, space applications, defense, industrial gases, semiconductors and
optical fibers, etc.
Recent Developments:
1. Large Cryostat (4025x1450x2300mm) for SC spoke cavity for CiADS
2. 2 K (vertical test cryostat (Φ850x5200) for Peking University
3. 2K valve box for BEPCII
4. Multi-channel cryogenic transmission pipeline for SHINE
5. Vacuum insulated pipeline for FRIB
6. More than 50 sets Cryogenic Helium Purifier (99.999%) for big science projects and
industrial gas company.


Intelliconnect Press Release

Announcements | October 28th, 2020

Intelliconnect Gain Two New ISO Accreditations: UK manufacturing facility now approved to ISO 14001 and ISO 45001.

Intelliconnect (Europe) Ltd the UK based specialist manufacturer of RF, waterproof and cryogenic connectors and cable assemblies has been awarded accreditation to ISO 14001 and ISO 45001, adding to their existing ISO 9001:2015 quality standard and SC21 silver performance standard for  the Aerospace, Defence, Security and Space Industry Supply Chain Programme.
ISO 14001 provides assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved. This ensures that best practice manufacturing processes and materials management are assured.
ISO 45001 specifies the requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system, and gives guidance for its use, to enable organisations to provide safe and healthy workplaces by preventing work-related injury and ill health, as well as by proactively improving its OH&S performance.
Roy Phillips, Managing Director of Intelliconnect, comments, “Intelliconnect is completely signed up to high quality, responsible and ethical manufacturing practices and ensuring the best conditions in the workplace for all of our Team.
With these new accreditations, together with our existing ISO 9001 and SC21 approvals, we aim to exceed all relevant working practices and product quality required by our customers and society at large, including being accredited Living Wage employers.”

Intelliconnect (Europe) Ltd  is the largest UK based manufacturer of RF, microwave, waterproof and cryogenic connectors and cable harnesses suitable for applications including wearable technology, medical, telecoms, satcoms, military, aerospace, space, general microwave communications, rail traction, oil and gas and marine.
Intelliconnect also manufacture the market leading Pisces range of waterproof RF connectors, coaxial adaptors to facilitate inter-series connection and gender change etc. dust-caps and offer value added services.
Their recently launched and fast-growing cryogenic cable assembly business CryoCoax supplies the growing market for quantum computing, medical, research, test and measurement and the emerging low temperature computing markets. Intelliconnect’s cable division are specialist manufacturers of affordable, high quality, high frequency microwave cables including triaxial assemblies, semi-rigid, semi-flexible and cryogenic cables as well as standard RG/LMR type products. Cables can be waterproofed to IP68 and include special features including phase matching and ruggedised assemblies for use in harsh environments.

Formed in the UK in 2003 in response to the almost complete abandonment of the UK by the RF connector manufacturing industry, Intelliconnect joined forces with a small innovative US operation in 2004 and has quickly become a market leader in design led manufacturing of RF connectors, waterproof multi-pin connectors and cable assemblies. Both the UK and USA divisions of Intelliconnect now enjoy a growing reputation for high quality products and first class service. Their product range includes waterproof connectors which have become established as the solution of choice for specifiers in the marine, oil and gas, defence, medical and general antenna markets.
They produce a range of triaxial components which are recognised as the best quality available in the market today. Their Custom design service, which attracts no NRE charges, is the quickest available in the connector industry today. Intelliconnect also offer a full range of standard RF connectors and a cable assembly service.
Intelliconnect is unable and does not wish to compete with the plethora of low-cost offshore product available in the market today. Rather they offer traditional engineering values coupled with innovation, agility and a passion for serving their customers.

Editorial Contact
Roy Phillips
01245 347145

Air Liquide acquires Cryoconcept

Announcements | October 8th, 2020

Air Liquide has acquired 80% of the capital of the French company Cryoconcept, which specialises in dilution refrigeration - a technology allowing to reach very low temperatures. This transaction enables Air Liquide to strengthen its expertise in the field of extreme, or close to absolute zero, cryogenics, to propose a broader offer and accelerate the development of Cryoconcept’s activities.

Read more on the official website of our Gold Corporate Member.

Intelliconnect Press Release

Announcements | August 2nd, 2020

Intelliconnect (CryoCoax Division) and Delft Circuits BV are proud to announce the signing of a Sales and Technology partnership agreement which sees CryoCoax becoming the sole UK and US distributor for Delft Circuits unique and innovative product family.

The Delft Circuits product combines flexible cryogenic cabling with standard RF connector interfaces in order to produce an interconnect solution which offers both single and multi-channel cables which combine microwave performance with compactness, durability and a low thermal load.
Roy Phillips, Intelliconnect’s CEO was enthusiastic in his assessment of the agreement. “This product is a potential game-changer in the world of cryogenic interconnects. We see it as the perfect complement to our existing range of Cryogenic cables and assemblies. The technical brilliance and innovation of the Delft Circuits team combined with our connector and
commercial expertise is the perfect combination.”

Daan Kuitenbrouwer, Founder and COO of Delft Circuits was equally keen to commend the partnership. “ We are very excited to join forces with IntelliConnect-CryoCoax providing innovative flexible cabling solutions for cryogenic environments with exceptional customer service.”


Delft Circuits was founded in 2017 providing a new approach to cabling and i/o in general for quantum computing and internet setups, which require increasingly high numbers of interconnects. To this end, Delft Circuits has set up an inhouse production- and development facility, where it designs, produces and tests its products. After two years of development, their proof-of-concept microwave channels have matured to ready-for-sales products and were brought to the market in early 2019. The next steps in production capabilities and microwave components are being developed to expand the product portfolio. With these developments, we address the (future) requirements of our customer base which consists of many cryo- and quantum customers worldwide.

CryoCoax is the UK/US based division of Intelliconnect solely focused on providing for the RF Interconnect needs of the worldwide Cryogenics market. Based on a business model of Innovative Design, Excellent Manufacturing, unrivalled Customer service and technology led partnerships, Intelliconnect – CryoCoax has seen significant and continuing growth in Quantum Computing, Research, Test and Measurement, Space and Medical applications during the past six years.

ECC2020 - canceled

Announcements | May 18th, 2020

We are sorry to announce that the European Course of Cryogenics will not take place this year, due to the current Covid-19 pandemic. We look forward to next year.

28ICEC-ICMC2020 canceled

Announcements | March 29th, 2020

The 28thICEC-ICMC2020 has been canceled and postponed to 2022. Hereafter you may read the official communication of the Organizing Commettee.

Dear colleagues,

we hope this message finds you well.
In recent weeks, the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) worldwide has raised great health concerns and heavily impacted our societies. We would like to take this opportunity to wish you and your family all safe and healthy. The organizing committees of the ICEC28-ICMC 2020 has been closely monitoring the developments of the COVID-19 in the past months. We have thoroughly investigated and discussed various factors impacting the conference with the ICEC & ICMC committee members, health officials, academics and industries. After careful consideration and comprehensive evaluation of currently available information, including the escalating health concerns, possible restrictions on international traveling, ongoing
uncertainties of the virus development, etc., we have made the difficult decision to cancel the ICEC28-ICMC 2020, originally scheduled on 31st August – 4th September
in Hangzhou, China (

We understand this might be disappointing for those who love the ICEC-ICMC for years and our young-generation colleagues as well. However, we must put your health, safety and security on our highest priorities. All the financial supports received from the international and domestic sponsors will be 100% returned as soon as possible. Fortunately, we would like to further update you that, as kindly approved by the ICEC-ICMC committees, the next conference ICEC28-ICMC 2022 will be still held in Hangzhou, China in 2022 in order to maintain the long-lasting tradition of alternating between Asia and Europe. The ICEC-ICMC conference to be organized by CERN, originally planned in 2022, is shifted to 2024. We sincerely hope that you will continue to support our cryogenic society by attending the ICEC28-ICMC 2022.

We will be very grateful if you could kindly share the above news to your colleagues. We extend our profound thanks to our colleagues around the world for your understanding, suggestions and support. We will do our best to welcome you and serve you a successful ICEC28-ICMC 2022 in Hangzhou, China. Facing to the unprecedented challenge together, we believe the normal world will and must come back soon.

Please stay safe and stay healthy.

Sincerely yours,
ICEC28-ICMC 2020
Organizing Committee
27th March 2020

ECD2020 postponed

Announcements | March 20th, 2020

In view of the worldwide developments of the Corona-crisis we decided to postpone the European Cryogenics Days. At this moment,  the situation in Europa is rapidly deteriorating and it is unclear what the coming weeks will bring. Anticipating on earlier developments in China, we hope that by the end of May the worst is over, but most probably the situation of daily life will not yet have returned to “normal”. It is not decided yet whether the ECD will be postponed to later this year, or whether it is completely canceled and the next ECD will be the one in 2021.

On behalf of the local organizing committee and the Board of the CSE,
Marcel ter Brake and Srinivas Vanapalli

European Cryogenics Course 2020

Announcements | February 29th, 2020

The application for the European Cryogenics Course (ECC) 2020 is now open.

The Course is organized by the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Technical University of Dresden (TUD) / Germany, the Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering of the Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (WUST) / Poland and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) of Trondheim / Norway.
Lecturers are members of the organizing universities and a number of invited external experts. In addition to the lessons, the program of the ECC includes technical excursions, tutorials and demonstrations. The weekends are foreseen mainly for social activities and travel.
The course will finish with two written examinations concerning the two main subjects (cryogenics, fundamentals and processes).

The ECC will extend over 3 weeks during Summer 2020 and is open to all graduate and doctoral students. Due to the limited capacity interested students should apply for participating before the end of April.

Locations and dates will be:
Aug. 10th  - 14th, 2020   Dresden - Basics, liquid hydrogen technology
Aug. 17th  - 21st, 2020   Wroclaw - Helium cryogenics, cryostat technology
Aug. 24th  - 28th, 2020   Trondheim - Liquified natural gas, coolers.
In case that not the full period of three weeks can be made available by a prospective participant, individual solutions can be arranged.

Detailed information about the application process and the program of the course may be found on the flyer or at the dedicated webpage.

You may use moreover the enclosed flyer to inform potentially interested persons.
Since 2008 the ECC collects  participants from all over Europe.

For interested young professionals often a sponsorship arrangement could be agreed with the respective employer to allow an additional participation.  

Applications should be sent until end of April. Later applications can be regarded only in case of remaining places or by waiting list. The course usually is overbooked, therefore early applications are suggested. For the same reason, fitting pre-requisitions and a specific cryogenic interest should be demonstrated.

ECD2020 - 2nd Announcement

Announcements | February 27th, 2020

The registration for the ECD2020 is now open! Read the 2nd announcement for information about the event program and the confirmed talks.

21 ICC - Call for Papers

Announcements | January 10th, 2020

The 21st International Cryocooler Conference invites proposals for presentations at ICC21, to be held in Orlando Florida on June 15-18, 2020.  The deadline for abstract submission is the 4th of January 2020.

The organizing commetee looks forward to you joining with leaders from industry, government, and academia as a participant in this premier global conference on cryocooler technology. Presentation topics include cutting edge technical issues and solutions related to cryocooler design, modeling, development, testing, and use in world-wide cryocooler applications.The meeting will feature 3 days of oral and poster presentations, plus a Foundations of Cryocoolers short course.

The Orlando Hilton Lake Buena Vista meeting location is in the center of Orlando's Disney attractions and offers extensive vacation options for presenters and their families.  These include Disney's Magic Kingdom, Animal Kingdom, and Epcot Center.

Visit the ICC website for detailed instructions on Abstract submittal and on the conference's beautiful Orlando venue. Future web updates will cover the meeting specifics and final program as they are established later in spring 2020.

ASC 2020 - Deadline in 5 days!

Announcements | December 12th, 2019

Only a few days left if you wish to present your work at the Applied Superconductivity Conference. The deadline for abstract submission is December the 17th.

28 ICEC-ICMC 2020

Announcements | December 8th, 2019

The registration for the 28th International Cryogenics Engineering Conference and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2020 is now open!  

WEKA AG ranks in the highest category for its Corporate Social Responsibility

Announcements | September 29th, 2019

WEKA AG has become even more sustainable since last year: the Swiss company has received the highest award for its commitment to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). CSR is the responsibility of companies for their effects on society and includes social, ecological and economic aspects. In 2018, the industrial company was evaluated for the first time and achieved the second-best rating. Read more.

Fourth InK2 Newsletter available

Announcements | August 25th, 2019

The Ink2 project answered the call of the International Commitee for Weights and Measures to redefine the Kelvin in terms of the Boltzmann constant. The project led the international thermometry community in a joint effort for achieving that goal.

The implementation phase of the redefinition of the SI has taken place on the World Metrology Day, May 20th, 2019. Here you may find the fourth and final Newsletter of the project, which also introduces the new EMPIR project, that aims at realising the redifined kelvin (Real K).    



Registration open for the Cryo EASITrain School 2

Announcements | June 28th, 2019

The Horizon 2020 EASITrain Project (, a Marie Sklodowska-Curie (MSCA) training network, organizes its autumn school (EASISchool 2) from the 30th of September to the 4th of October 2019 at CEA in Paris-Saclay and Grenoble, France. 

The school will offer a unique opportunity for training on cryogenic applications. It offers advanced cryogenics lectures, exposure to the industry, cryogenics application lectures and visit to laboratories such as Neurospin, CEA labs at Paris-Saclay and Grenoble, ESRF, EMFL-LNCMI and Air Liquide. Participants will received specialized training sessions on medical applications, accelerator applications, superconducting magnets at Paris-Saclay and space applications, instrumentation, large-scale refrigeration at Grenoble.

Specifically the programme is:

Two days (30 September - 1 October) take place in Paris-Saclay in the Neurospin laboratory. 

One day (2 October) is devoted for transport to Grenoble and visits to ESRF/EMFL-LNCMI.

The final two days (3 and 4 October) take place in Grenoble in the MINATEC center. 

The EASIschool is open to external participants (30 pers.) for the whole week training and to local participants (50 pers.) for one-day training either at Paris-Saclay or at Grenoble (see details in registration).

More details can be found here:

With the support of




ECD 2019 - 2nd Announcement

Announcements | June 5th, 2019

The Cryogenics Society of Europe (CSE), the High-Energy Physics network (HEPTech) in collaboration with the European Spallation Source (ESS) invite you to attend the 2019 European Cryogenics Days on October 7 and 8, 2019 in Lund Sweden. This event will consist of the CSE annual meeting followed by invited talks on all aspects of cryogenics, an industrial exhibition, a tour of the ESS site including cryogenic facilities and social events. Ample time will be provided for one on one meetings.
Examples of confirmed talks include:

“Cryogenics in the Ecoswing Project”
“Vertical Cryostat for ESS”
“Cryogenics in Experimental Cosmology”
“Overview on HTS Projects and Applications Worldwide”
“Analytics for Cold Hydrogen Isotopologues at the Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe”
“The Cryogenic Needs of the FCC”

Talks are by invitation only, but attendees are encouraged to submit abstracts for a poster session. More details including registration, abstract submission, draft program and important dates may be found on the ECD 2019 website.

As usual, CSE corporate members may profit  of a discounted rate for the exhibition and the participation for individual CSE members is for free.

European Course of Cryogenics 2019

Announcements | April 9th, 2019

The application for the European Cryogenics Course (ECC) 2019 is now open. The Course is organized by the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Technical University of Dresden (TUD) / Germany, the Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering of the Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (WUST) / Poland and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) of Trondheim / Norway.

The ECC will extend over 3 weeks during Summer 2019 and is open to all graduate and doctoral students. Due to the limited capacity interested students should apply for participating before the end of April.

From the 19th to the 23rd of August the TU Dresden will host the first part of the Course focused on "Basics, liquid hydrogen technology". The second part of the Course will take place from the 26th to the 30th of August at the Wroclaw University in Poland and will deal with "Helium cryogenics and cryostat technology". Finally, between the 2nd and the 6th of September the NTNU of Trondheim, Norway will offer a Course on "Liquified natural gas and coolers".

Lecturers are members of the organizing universities and a number of invited
external experts. In addition to the lessons, the program of the ECC includes technical excursions, tutorials and demonstrations. The course will finish with two written examinations concerning the two main subjects (cryogenics, fundamentals and processes).

Detailed information about the application process and the program of the
Course may be found on the flyer or at the dedicated webpage.

The European Cryogenics Days 2019 - Registration open

Announcements | April 4th, 2019

The Cryogenics Society of Europe (CSE), the High-Energy Physics network (HEPTech) and the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH (GSI) in collaboration with the European Spallation Source (ESS) invite you to attend the 2019 European Cryogenics Days on October 7 and 8, 2019 in Lund Sweden. This event will consist of the CSE annual meeting followed by invited talks on all aspects of cryogenics, an industrial exhibition, a tour of the ESS site including cryogenic facilities and social events. More details including registration, abstract submission, draft program and important dates may be found on the ECD 2019 website.

As usual, CSE corporate members may profit  of a discounted rate for the exhibition and the participation for individual CSE members is for free.

4th General Meeting of the CSE

Announcements | October 12th, 2018

The yearly General Meeting took place on September 3rd in Oxford, before the opening reception of the 27ICEC-ICMC2018 conference. At the GM the secretary reported on the activities of 2018 and the treasurer communicated that the finances of the association are in good health.
Agnieszka Piotrowska and John Weisend presented respectively the candidacy of the Wrocław University of Science and Technology and of the European Spallation Source to host the European Cryogenic Days in 2019. The decision on the location will soon be made by the CSE board.
Ronald Dekker resigned his position as Board member and the assembly elected Tonny Benschop, who will be the new CSE treasurer. We wish to thank Ronald for his work during the past four years and for his commitment as new member of the CSE advisory council. We warmly welcome Tonny in the CSE Board!

WEKA Press Release

Announcements | August 27th, 2018

WEKA AG is proud to announce that it has been awarded the "Silver" rating for corporate social responsabilities by the independent audit company Eco Vadis. Read more.

Demaco - Press Release

Announcements | July 2nd, 2018

Demaco is proud to announce Wilstier Industry as Demaco’s Authorized Dealer. Wilstier Industry is serving customers with engineering, installation, and maintenance across the whole country of China. Read more.

3rd General Meeting of the CSE

Announcements | December 1st, 2017

The third General Meeting took place on September the 13th in Karlsruhe, Germany, within the European Cryogenics Day, organized in conjunction with the 2nd International Workshop on Cooling of High-Temperature Supeconductor Applications (EDC-IWCHTS 2017).


At the GM the Board reported about the activities and the financies of 2017. More details can be read in the minutes of the meeting.

You can find pictures of the event here and a copy of the presentations of both the ECD and the workshop here.

Gustav and Ingrid Klipping Award

Announcements | July 24th, 2017

The International Cryogenic Engineering Committee awards a young researcher for outstanding work in cryogenic engineering. The award is named after Gustav and Ingrid Klipping to commemorate their enormous contributions to the field of cryogenics and more specifically to recognize their active role in involving young researchers. The award will be given on the occasion of the International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, which is held every two years. The next Conference will be in Oxford, UK, September 3-7, 2018. The candidate shall be 35 years old or younger on the starting date of the conference.


The awardee will receive a certificate and a check of 1000 CHF, plus a waiver of the registration fee of the ICEC conference at which the prize is to be awarded. The prize will only be awarded if the winner attends the conference and at the conference presents a paper on his or her recent research.


The candidate must be nominated by a person who is active in the field of cryogenic engineering. The nomination should be supported by the person who has supervised the research work for which recognition is sought. Note that the latter person may be different from the nominator and, furthermore, that the host institution where the cited work was conducted can be different from the awardee’s past or present employers.

Nominations shall be sent via email to the chairman of the ICEC, by October, 16th, 2017 at the latest.
The (electronic) nomination package should include:

  • the completed nomination form,
  • the nominee’s detailed curriculum vitae (résumé) (see details in the nomination form),
  • ID photo of a good quality and preferably in colour,
  • a presentation of the candidate by the nominator, with an assessment of the candidate’s career in science and/or practice with a detailed explanation of the candidate’s achievements motivating the award,
  • in case the nominator did not supervise the work that recognition is sought for, the presentation should be supported by the supervisor of that work,
  • a copy of an official document attesting the nominee’s date of birth,
  • copies of the publications on the research work to be honored.


The nominations will be voted on by the board members of the International Cryogenic Engineering Committee. The winner will be notified by December, 21st, 2017 at the latest so that he or she can arrange to attend the 2018 conference.

Nomination form: .pdf .docx

Peter Gifford (1949-2017)

Announcements | February 14th, 2017

Peter Gifford, 68, of Syracuse, New York, passed away at home surrounded by family and friends on January 29, 2017, after a courageous battle with esophageal cancer.  He was the president of Cryomech, which is a world-leading manufacturer of Gifford-McMahon and pulse tube cryocoolers.  The company was founded in Syracuse in 1963 by his late father, William Gifford, the inventor of the Gifford-McMahon cryocooler and the first version of a pulse tube cryocooler.

Peter, who was born in Washington, DC, and moved to many places with his parents, finally settled with his parents in Syracuse in 1961 when Peter was 12 years old.  He was a tennis champion in high school and played on the city championship high school football team.  He studied physics and math at Syracuse University before graduating with a Liberal Arts degree.  In 1973 he began working with his father at Cryomech, which at that time had only two full-time employees.  Peter took over full leadership of the company and its handful of employees in 1980 after his father became ill with cancer and later passed away.  Peter and his employees, whom he treated as part of his family, were able to grow the company into one of the world’s best known cryocooler companies, which now employees about 130 people.  The company designs and manufactures cryogenic refrigerators for use in cutting edge research and production from agriculture to aerospace.

Peter’ success in growing the company partly stems from his keen insight into the need for a niche market catering to the needs of researchers in a wide variety of cryogenic cooling applications.  Whereas his competitors focused mostly on large mass production markets, Peter found an important need for the development of cryocoolers for many new applications.  Cryomech has been especially successful after the development of the first commercial 4 K pulse tube cryocooler, which has become an important tool for researchers who previously used liquid helium in experiments, but are now switching to cryocoolers as the helium price has greatly increased and its availability has become erratic.  Peter made Cryomech successful by doing things no other company could do.  His physics background helped him understand the scientific challenges his customers faced.  He enjoyed challenges and developing new things.

The company also became successful because of his contagious, outgoing personality.  He always had a smile and a knack for making you feel appreciated.  His laughing, joking and storytelling would put you at ease immediately.  One of the highlights of my trips to conferences was a chance to talk to Peter, usually at the Cryomech booth in the exhibit hall.  His enthusiasm made me feel good and I could enjoy a few laughs with him.  He was very kind to his employees and treated them as part of his family, often hosting informal get-togethers for the whole company.

After being diagnosed with cancer, he began to plan for the long-term future of the company.  Instead of selling out to some larger company or venture capital firm, whom he feared might strip the company and move it away from Syracuse, he decided to offer it to his employees through an employee stock ownership plan (ESOP).  He wanted it to remain in Syracuse because of his employees and because of the supportive nature of the business community in upstate New York.  The company went ESOP in 2014.  In an interview with the Syracuse newspaper in 2015, he explained that his approach to dealing with employees and customers followed the Golden Rule: Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.

When not at Cryomech or interacting with attendees at conference exhibits, he most often could be found alongside some stream somewhere in the world enjoying his favorite pastime of fly fishing.  He built a house in the Catskills on the bank of the West Branch of the Delaware River in Hancock, NY, where he could fish, relax, and enjoy the environment in the presence of his family and many friends.  He is survived by his wife and partner of 37 years, Lorraine Koury; sisters Jenni Shone (Robert) of Strafford, NH; Hilary Gifford (Ben Guthrie) of Trumansburg, NY; and brother Robert Mac Gifford of Syracuse, NY.

Peter, rest in peace and catch lots of fish.

Ray Radebaugh

In the early 80s, as a PhD student, I learned about “Gifford” as the guy who had invented the GM-cooler together with MacMahon. I used these GM coolers in my PhD research and I recall that later in my career I had the opportunity to meet Gifford’s son Peter at one of my first EUCAS conferences at a booth of Cryomech. What an impressive personality and what a pleasure to sit and talk with him, totally different from what at that time I had in mind as typical company leaders. Following that first meeting, I took the opportunity at all cryogenic conferences to go and look for Peter, for a quick chat or a longer discussion on what we would need for our specific applications. I do recall the visit to Cryomech at the 2014 International Cryocooler Conference and the last words I then had with Peter. I did not know at that time that he was already seriously ill.
The cryo-world lost a great personality, a great innovator and stimulator.

We express our deepest sympathy to family and friends and to the Cryomech team for the loss of Peter.
On behalf of the International Cryogenic Engineering Committee and the Cryogenic Society of Europe,

Marcel ter Brake